Mississippi’s coastal habitats have been diminished by development, inappropriate timber management practices, tropical storms, fire suppression and, most recently, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010. Certain habitats, such as longleaf pine forests, wet pine savannas, estuarine marshes and oak hammocks, have been reduced or fragmented more than others. Only a small fraction of Mississippi’s original longleaf pine forests remain. Nearly all of Mississippi’s intact wet pine savannas are restricted to the Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge, Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge, De Soto National Forest and on a few tracts owned by private landowners. Coastal marshes and wetlands remain vulnerable to urbanization, agricultural development, commercial timber harvesting and land subsidence. Also, a northward press of urban development is putting more stress on inland habitats such as longleaf pine forests, bottomland hardwood forests and stream corridors.


  • Preparation of a Mississippi Gulf Coast Strategic Plan.
  • Supporting the implementation of the Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities and Revived Economies of the Gulf Coast States Act of 2012, commonly known as the RESTORE Act.
  • Protection, restoration and enhancement and private and public lands.
  • Promotion of prescribed burning and control of invasive, non-native cogongrass.
  • Promotion of conservation easements on private lands.
  • Supporting the expansion of Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge and other public lands.


White-tailed deer, wild turkey, laughing gull, brown pelican, bottlenose dolphin, speckled trout and red drum.


Mississippi gopher frog, red-cockaded woodpecker, gopher tortoise, Mississippi sandhill crane, marsh birds, wintering sparrows, various crayfish species and various plants in longleaf pine ecosystems. Swallow-tailed Kite, various migrant forest birds, gulf sturgeon, yellow-blotched map turtle, and Alabama red-bellied turtle in coastal river systems. Least tern, piping plover, various beach-nesting shorebirds, striped bass and sea turtle species in marsh and beach ecosystems. See Wildlife Mississippi’s Mississippi Gulf Coast Strategic Plan. for a more extensive list.


  • Healthy waterways, marshes, and bays and estuaries support tourism, the seafood industry and outdoor recreation.
  • Conservation management of private lands yields economic returns for landowners.
  • Proper management of shoreline habitats protects water quality.
  • Restoration and maintenance of healthy marsh and beach ecosystems provide protection from tropical storms.